Until the entry into force of the regulation resulting from a state pact for education, the upper secondary education assessment exam is not required in order to obtain the upper secondary education qualification, however it is a requirement to access a university course.
The exams take the form of tribunals. All the tribunals are made up of a chairperson and teaching staff, who act as supervisors and/or correctors. There are different types of tribunals in which students are examined, depending on which secondary school they attend, or if they wish to improve their grade. Students' special educational needs are taken into account, such as ADD, ADHD and other learning disorders or disorders that impact other areas.
Once the upper secondary education assessment exam has been passed, the grade can be improved by taking the exam again in subsequent calls.