1. THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM:
The heart (structure and location). The pulmonary and systemic circulation. The blood vessels (structure and function). The arterial, venous and capillary systems.
2. THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM:
The anatomical and functional division. The upper and lower respiratory tract (structure and function)
3. THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM:
The digestive tube and appendix organs. Functional anatomy of the digestive tube: mouth, pharynx and esophagus. Stomach. Small and large intestines.
4. THE URINARY SYSTEM:
The macroscopic and microscopic anatomy of the kidney. Structure and function of the ureter, urinary bladder and uretra.
5. THE IMMUNE SYSTEM:
The lymphatic system structure and function. The lymphatic cells and tissues. The lymphatic organs (spleen, tonsils and thymus).
6. THE ENDOCRYNE SYSTEM:
General structure and functional anatomy. Hormones secreted by the hypophysis, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, pancreas, and pineal and reproductive glands.
7. THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM:
Functional anatomy of the male and female reproductive systems.
8. THE NERVOUS SYSTEM:
Functional and anatomical division. The central nervous system: brain and spinal cord. The meninges and the cerebrospinal fluid. The peripheric nervous system.
The final mark will consist of: average of the 4 highest marks obtained in the Kahoot tests (20%), practical exam (30%), and final theoretical exam (50%).
The theoretical exam will consist of multiple choice and short answer questions, whereas the practical will consist of identifying structures in given pictures and/or mannequin.
Note: Students who miss class for a serious and compelling reason should inform the professor beforehand (preferably no later than the missed class) for consideration of an excused absence.
To pass the subject the student will need to get a final mark equal or above 50% (or 5 out of 10, as the final mark will be given in decimal numbers).
The contents studied in Anatomy II are very extensive, so it is recommended a daily routine of studies. The success in this subject comes from knowing the terminology, the three-dimensional visualization of the structure(s) and using that knowledge to solve problems.
The Anatomy II course is organized under the systemic approach, which consists in the description of the major systems of the body – cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, urinary, endocrine, immune, reproductive and nervous.