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Dades generals

Curs acadèmic:
Antropologia té com a finalitat oferir una formació actualitzada, integradora i holística sobre biologia humana, específicament sobre aspectes com la seva biodiversitat, el seu origen i evolució anatòmica, la seva dinàmica poblacional, les seves adaptacions, la seva diversitat genètica i les seves implicacions biomèdiques.
Crèdits ECTS:


Grup A

Semestral, 1r semestre
Marta San Millán Alonso
Idioma de les classes:
Anglès (100%)


  • Tenir la capacitat d'aprenentatge autònom
  • Resoldre problemes
  • Aprendre a aprendre (aprendre de manera autònoma, actualitzar-se i poder aprofundir en coneixements permanentment)
  • Intervenir en els àmbits de promoció, prevenció, protecció i recuperació de la salut.


1. INTRODUCTION AND HUMAN BIOLOGY 1.1. Anthropology definition 1.2. Anthropology classification. 1.3. Relationship with Physiotherapy. 1.4. Human phylogeny 1.5. Characterization of primates 1.6. Current hominids 1.7. Hominization process: comparison of human anatomy vs. current hominids 1.8. The human brain 1.9. The language

2. HUMAN EVOLUTION AND IMPLICATIONS IN ANATOMY 2.1. The first hominids. 2.2. The Australopithecus genus 2.3. Homo habilis 2.4. Homo erectus 2.4. The hominids of the Middle Pleistocene 2.5. Homo neanderthalensis 2.6. Homo sapiens 2.7. Population migrations of Homo sapiens 2.7. Anatomical evolution of the brain 2.8. Language evolution 2.9. Anatomical evolution of the postcranial skeleton 2.10. The obstetric dilemma and the anatomical evolution of the human pelvis 2.11. Human childbirth 2.12. Sexual dimorphism of the human skull and pelvis

3. HUMAN GENETICS 3.1. Basic genetics. 3.2. The cell cycle. 3.3. Genotype vs. phenotype 3.4. Mendel's laws 3.5. Dominance vs. recessivity 3.6. Inheritance patterns 3.7. Epigenetics 3.8. Genetic polymorphisms 3.9. Mutations and associated pathologies 3.10. Mechanisms of evolution 3.11. Speciation process 3.12. Homologous vs. analogous structures 3.13. Evolutionary theories 3.14. Population genetics 3.15. Some examples about applied genetics

4. AUXOLOGY 4.1. Human growth, maturation and development 4.2. Growth stages 4.3. Percentiles and reference populations 4.4. Growth disorders 4.5. Developmental disorders 4.6 Control and monitoring of children's health 4.7. Secular trends 4.8. Life stages 4.9. Oogenesis and spermatogenesis 4.10. Menstruation 4.11. Multiple pregnancies 4.12. Infancy, childhood, youth, adolescence and adulthood 4.13. Applied Anthropology: skeletal maturation

5. DEMOGRAPHY: POPULATION DYNAMICS 5.1. Introduction to demography 5.2. Female reproductive life 5.3. Natality and fertility 5.4. Fertility patterns 5.5. Models of human fertility

6. HUMAN VARIABILITY 6.1. Variability in phenotypic variables 6.2. Fetal macrosomia 6.3. Patterns of cultural variability 6.4. Monogamy and polygamy 6.5. Ancestry 6.6. Cranial anatomical differences according to ancestry 6.7. Phenotypic human variability around the world 6.8. Population variation of fingerprint patterns

7. HUMAN ECOLOGY 7.1. Genes-environment interaction 7.2. Adaptation, acclimatization and plasticity 7.3. Human thermoregulation 7.4. Adaptation to altitude 7.5. Climatic adaptations and body proportions 7.6. The epicanthic fold and other human adaptations 7.7. Human skin pigmentation


Tipus d’activitat Hores amb professor Hores sense professor Hores virtuals amb professor Total
Prova d'avaluació 1,00 35,00 1,00 37,00
Resolució d'exercicis 4,00 10,00 4,00 18,00
Sessió expositiva 6,00 15,00 6,00 27,00
Sessió participativa 10,00 10,00 10,00 30,00
Sessió pràctica 14,00 10,00 0 24,00
Treball en equip 0 10,00 0 10,00
Tutories individuals 0 0 4,00 4,00
Total 35,00 90,00 25,00 150


  • Turbón D. (2006). La evolución humana. Ariel.
  • Aiello L, Dean C (1990). An Introduction to Human Evolutionary Anatomy. Academic Press Inc.
  • Larsen C (2010). Companion to Biological Anthropology. Wiley-Blackwell .
  • Larsen C (2018). Essentials of Biological Anthropology . W. W. Norton & Co.
  • Stanford C, Allen JS, Anton SC (2016). Exploring Biological Anthropology: The Essentials . Pearson.
  • Katzenberg MA, Grauer AL (2018). Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton . Wiley John & sons.
  • Madrigal L, González-José R (2016). Introducción a la Antropología biológica. Asociación Latinoamericana de Antropología Biológica.
  • Bernard, H.Russell (2006). Research methods in anthropology: qualitative and quantitative approaches (Fourth Edition). Lanham: AltaMira Press.
  • Geertz, Clifford (1973). The Interpretation of Cultures. New York: Basic Books.
  • Good, Byron (1994). Medicine, rationality, and experience: An anthropological perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Hammersley, Martyn; Atkinson, Paul (2007). Ethnography. Principles in Practice (Third Edition). London: Routledge.
  • Helman Cecil G. (1994). Culture, Health and Illness. An Introduction for Health Professionals (Third Edition). Londres: Butterwortt - Heinemann.
  • Lupton, Deborah (1995). The imperative of Health. Public Health and the Regulated Body. London: SAGE.
  • Martinez-Hernáez, Àngel (2008). Antropología Médica: teorías sobre la cultura, el poder y la enfermedad. Barcelona: Anthropos.
  • Martínez-Hernáez, Àngel; Masana, Lina; DiGiacomo, Susan M. (eds.) (2013). Evidencias y narrativas en la atención sanitaria. Tarragona: Publicacions URV.
  • Pool, Robert; Geissler, Wenzel (2005). Medical anthropology. Maidenhead: Open University Press.
  • Scheper-Hughes, Nancy (1992). Death Without Weeping: The Violence of Everyday Life in Brazil. California: University of California Press.
  • Rosman, Abraham; Rubel, Paula G.; Weisgrau, Maxine (2009). The tapestry of culture: An introduction to cultural anthropology. Lanham: AltaMira Press.

Avaluació i qualificació

Activitats d'avaluació:

Descripció de l'activitat Avaluació de l'activitat % Recuperable
Final exam. Multiple choice questions. Complete knowledge revision about the entire subject content.
Infographics creation in groups Creativity. Correct wording and spelling. Reliable searching of references. Research approach. Collaborative work. Decision making. 30 No
Moodle partial test Content knowledge as preparation for the final exam.
Mid-term revision of the learning process.
10 No



1. FINAL EXAM (60 %)

There will be a written EXAM composed of 40 multiple choice questions about the content of the subject. Each question will have five possible answers, only one of which is correct. Incorrect answers will result in a loss of 1/4 of the value of each question.

It is essential to obtain a minimum of 4.5 in this final exam in order to evaluate the subject together with the continuous assessment activities and be able to pass the course.
The final score is graded in the following manner:

* SCORE [4.5 - 10] The score on the final exam (60%) is added to the continuous evaluation activities (30% + 10%) and an average is generated. The student passes if the final average is equal to or greater than 5.0.

* SCORE [0.0 - 4.49] None of the other scores from the other activities will be weighted, regardless of the student’s grade and the student will need to complete the makeup exam (BCE) to pass the course.

For the final exam:

1) Please bring your student ID card. If you do not have your ID with you, you will need to report your student ID number, but your grade may not be accessible during the grading period.

2) Please bring a calculator to answer some of the questions. You will not be allowed to use your cell phone during ANY part of the exam. You will also not be allowed to share calculators.

Review of exams will only be completed on the date and time provided by the Coordination Department. Under no circumstances may it be carried out remotely or on another date or time.


During the semester, two continuous activities must be completed:

1. Moodle exam about content of the subject (10 %).

2. Infographics related to Anthropology in groups (30 %).

Detailed information regarding both continuous assessment activities and their assessment criteria will be provided to the students during the course.


1. The existence of an anti-plagiarism program of the Universitat de Girona is recalled that detects the percentage of plagiarism with assigments from other years / other subjects / other facilities or directly from the network, even in translated into other languages websites.

2. Class attendance is voluntary / optional but highly advisable.

Criteris específics de la nota «No Presentat»:
The students who do not do the continuous or final assessment will be listed as “No Presentat”. A student will be considered as "Not submitted" when he/she does not attend either of the continuous assessment activities nor makeup exam.

Once the student has handed in any activity within the continuous assessment, the evaluation will be considered as initiated and all the sections designed in the qualification criteria will be classified as 0 (zero) when not presented and / or not submitted according to the teacher's intructions.

Avaluació única:
The EUSES evaluation system (Center attached to the UdG) is, in general, the continuous assessment. If the student wants to take the single assessment, it is an essential requirement that he/she communicate this IN WRITING to the responsible teacher ( AND to the grade coordinator during the first two weeks of the semester.

The single evaluation will consist of:

1. Final exam (60%) composed of 40 multiple choice questions about the content of the subject. Each question will have five possible answers, only one of which is correct. Incorrect answers will result in a loss of 1/4 of the value of each question.

2. Complementary exam (40%) whose exam questions will be open (not multiple choice questions) and will be related to the content of the subject.

There are TWO essential requirements to pass the course by the single evaluation:

1. Get a grade in the final exam (60%) greater than or equal to 5.0.


2. Get a grade in the complementary exam (40%) greater than or equal to 5.0.

In any other case, the student must go to the recovery exam (BCE) whose MAXIMUM NOTE will be 5.0 (all those passed will necessarily have to take a 5.0 to pass and will obtain a maximum grade of 5.0).

Requisits mínims per aprovar:

To pass the course, there are TWO essential requirements 1) To score in the final exam greater than or equal to 4.5 AND 2) it is necessary to obtain a final weighted minimum note of 5.0 (exam + continuous assessment activities).

In any other case, the student must go to the makeup exam (BCE) whose MAXIMUM NOTE will be 5.0 (all those passed will necessarily have to take a 5.0 to pass and will obtain a maximum grade of 5.0). The qualification of continuous assessment activities will not be consider in any case.

The continuous assessment activities have no minimum grade.


The tutorials can be done face to face in the classrooms enabled for this purposes and / or virtual via videoconference, depending on the availability of both parties and the health situation.

For concrete and specific questions, the student can:

a) (Recommended) Participate in the Moodle Forum enabled for questions, where all classmates can enrich themselves with the information provided by both the students and the teacher, generating collaborative learning.

b) Email the teacher to

Comunicacio i interacció amb l'estudiantat


All the information of the subject will be provided during the lectures and will be published on Moodle.

All news, relevant information or reminders will be published in the Moodle News and Communication Forum, whose messages will be sent directly to the associated email account of the students.


Besides the direct communication with the teacher during the lectures, the only way to communicate with the teacher will be through the email

Replies will be made as soon as possible.


The subject has been designed in three parts that, together, seek a self-management of the student. Based on the theoretical framework presented by the teacher, the student must:

1.Complement the theoretical framework with related readings both provided by the teacher and found by the student.

2. Carry out research related to the exposed matter.

3. Make a critical review of the theoretical framework exposed in the classroom.

In order to optimally achieve the objectives of the course, it is recommended the student:

1. Evaluate and use as a theoretical context of the subject the documents identified as basic information (and complementary if you would like to deepen) that you will find on the web of the subject.

2. Identify, filter and use didactic materials of recognized academic prestige when making bibliographic searches and cite them under a validated and unique method.

3. Identify, cite and relate your critical reviews with basic, complementary readings and research materials.

Learning outcomes:

- Projecting personal, professional and social action, based on the principles of Human Development.

- Recognising the value of life and people, as well as the principles of truth and freedom.

- Understanding interpersonal relationships and their interference with economic and political life.

Assignatures recomanades

  • Anatomia I
  • ATM (Articulació Temporo-Mandibular)
  • Biologia
  • Legislació, Salut Pública i Administració Sanitària

Modificació del disseny

Modificació de les activitats:
*** In case of scenario I (face-to-face), the activities will remain as in the original design.

*** In case of scenario IV (lockdown), due to the impossibility of carrying out the face to face activities:

1. Lectures will be taught through videoconferences.

2. Some theoretical-practical lectures will be restructured and / or adapted to be carried out through virtual platforms and will be complemented with additional non-evaluable activities proposed by Moodle to guide students in the learning process and assess their understanding of the content.

Modificació de l'avaluació:
*** In case of scenario I (face-to-face), both the final exam (60%), as well as the Moodle test (10%) and the infographics (30%) will have the same structure as in the original design.

*** In case of scenario IV (lockdown):

1. The final exam (60% of the final grade for the course) will have the same structure as in the original design and will be performed entirely online through the Moodle platform.

2. The Moodle partial test (10%) and the infographics (30%) will be kept in the same format as in the original design.

Tutoria i comunicació:

*** In case of scenario I (face-to-face), the tutorials can be carried out both in person and virtually depending on the availability of both parties.

*** In case of scenario IV (lockdown), due to the impossibility of making any communication face to face, students can request tutorials with the teacher via email ( to be done by videoconference according to availability of both parties.


*** In case of scenario I (face-to-face):

1. Any communications will be carried out exclusively during the face to face lectures as usual and through the Moodle News and Communication Forum.

2. In the case the students want to communicate with the teacher, they should do it through:

- Institutional email (
- Specific Moodle forum for questions (collaborative learning)
- Before, during or after face-to-face classes, as usual.

*** In case of scenario IV (lockdown), due to the impossibility of making any communication face to face:

1. Any communications will be carried out exclusively during the videoconference lectures (by chat) and through the Moodle News and Communication Forum.

2. In the case the students want to communicate with the teacher, they should do it through:

- Institutional email (
- Specific Moodle forum for questions (collaborative learning)
- Chat during the virtual lectures, so that the teacher can solve the doubts simultaneously.

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