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Identificació

Estudia a la UdG

Dades generals

Curs acadèmic:
2020
Descripció:
En aquesta assignatura es descriuen formalment la mecànica dels sòlids, dels fluids i dels camps electromagnètics com a base del funcionament del sistema musculo-esquelètic i de l'ús d'agents terapèutics en fisioteràpia.
Crèdits ECTS:
6

Grups

Grup A

Durada:
Semestral, 1r semestre
Professorat:
JESUS PLANELLA MORATO
Idioma de les classes:
Anglès (100%)

Competències

  • Resoldre problemes
  • Tenir capacitat de gestió d'informació
  • Aprendre a aprendre (aprendre de manera autònoma, actualitzar-se i poder aprofundir en coneixements permanentment)
  • Resoldre problemes complexos de forma efectiva en el camp de la Fisioteràpia.
  • Conèixer i comprendre les ciències, els models, les tècniques i els instruments sobre els quals es fonamenta, articula i desenvolupa la fisioteràpia.

Continguts

1. DEFINITIONS AND CONCEPTS: 1.1.Quantities and units. 1.2. Vectors. 1.3. Scientific notation. 1.4. Conversion factors.

2. NEWTON'S LAWS (I): 2.1. Introduction. 2.2. Newton's laws of mation: 2.2.1. Previous studies. 2.2.2. Newton's first law. 2.2.3. Newton's second law. 2.3. Gravitational force. 2.4.Examples and applications in physiotherapy.

3. NEWTON'S LAWS (II): 3.1. Newton's third law. 3.2. Contact forces: 3.2.1. Definition. 3.2.2. Tension force. 3.2.3.Normal force. 3.2.4. Friction force. 3.3. Drag force. 3.4. Fixed simple pulleys.

4. TORQUES AND LEVERS. 4.1. Torque: 4.1.1. Definition and properties. 4.1.2. Resultant torque. 4.1.3.Static equilibrium. 4.2. Levers: 4.2.1. Definition of lever. 4.2.2. Lever classification. 4.2.3. Levers in the human body.

5. CENTER OF MASS AND EQUILIBRIUM:5.1. Center of mass and center of gravity: 5.1.1. Definitions and properties. 5.1.2. The CoM/CoG in the human body. 5.1.3.Location of the CoM/CoG. 5.2. Equilibrium and stability:5.2.1. Static equilibrium. 5.2.2.Factors affecting stability.

6. ENERGY AND WAVES: 6.1. Energy and heat: 6.1.1. What is energy? 6.1.2. Forms of energy. 6.1.3. Energy and heat. 6.2. Waves: 6.2.1. Waves: definition and properties. 6.2.2. Mathematical description of waves. 6.2.3. Sound waves. 6.2.4. Electromagnetic waves.

7. STATIC FLUIDS: 7.1. Basic concepts. 7.2. Density. 7.3. Pressure: 7.3.1. What is pressure? 7.3.2.Pressure in liquids. 7.3.3. Pressure in gases. 7.4.Applications in physiotherapy.

8. FLUIDS IN MOTION: 8.1. Fluid flows: 8.1.1. Types of flows. 8.1.2. Continuity equation. 8.1.3. Bernoulli's equation. 8.2. Real flows: 8.2.1. Viscous resistance. 8.2.2. Viscous flows and applications in physiotherapy.

9. COHESIVE FORCES IN LIQUIDS: SURFACE TENSION AND CAPILLARITY. 9.1. Forces between molecules: Adhesion and cohesion. 9.2. Surface tension: 9.2.1. What is the surface tension? 9.2.2. Laplace's law. 9.2.3.Applications in the human body. 9.3. Capillarity: 9.3.1. What is capillarity? 9.3.2. Jurin's law. 9.3.3. Applications in the human body. 9.4. Examples in physiotherapy.

10. ELECTRICITY:10.1.The electrostatic force: 10.1.1. Force between point charges - Coulomb's law. 10.1.2. Principle of superposition. 10.2. The electric field: 10.2.1. What is the electric field? 10.2.2. Principle of superposition. 10.3.The electric potential: 10.3.1. What is the electric potential? 10.3.2. The electric potential due to a point charge. 10.4. Uniform electric fields: 10.4.1. Properties of uniform electric fields. 10.4.2. Evaluation of electric fields. 10.5. Capacitors: 10.5.1. Definition and properties of capacitors. 10.5.2. The parallel plate capacitor. 10.5.3. Capacitors and physiotherapy: The capacitive effect.

11. ELECTRIC CIRCUITS: 11.1. Electric current: 11.1.1. Generation of electric current. 11.1.2. Current intensity. Current density. 11.1.3. Ohm's law. 11.1.4. Electrical resistance. Resistivity. 11.2.Electric circuits:11.2.1. Combination of resistors. 11.2.2. Electric work and electric power. Joule effect. 11.3.Electric currents and physiotherapy:11.3.1. Resistive effect. 11.3.2. Muscular stimulation using electric currents.

12. MAGNETISM: 12.1. Effects of the magnetic field: 12.1.1. The magnetic field. Definition and properties. 12.1.2. Magnetic field lines. 12.1.3.Magnetic force acting on a moving charged particle. 12.1.4. Charged particle motion in a magnetic field. 12.1.5. Hall effect.12.2. Generation of magnetic fields: 12.2.1. Sources of the magnetic field. 12.2.2. The magnetic field generated by straight current wires. 12.2.3. The magnetic field generated by loop current wires. 12.2.4. The magnetic field generated by coils. 12.3. Applications in physiotherapy.

Activitats

Tipus d’activitat Hores amb professor Hores sense professor Hores virtuals amb professor Total
Prova d'avaluació 2,00 10,00 2,00 14,00
Resolució d'exercicis 11,00 19,00 0 30,00
Sessió expositiva 36,00 54,00 0 90,00
Tutories de grup 4,00 2,00 10,00 16,00
Total 53,00 85,00 12,00 150

Bibliografia

  • Cromer, A. (1994). Physics for the Life Sciences. McGraw-Hill.
  • Newman, J. (2008). Physics of the Life Sciences. Springer.
  • Hewitt, P. G. (2016). Conceptual Physics. Prentice Hall.
  • Tipler, P.A., Mosca, G. (2003). Physics for Scientists and Engineers. W H Freeman & Co.
  • Zinke-Allmang, M. (2012). Physics for the Life Sciences. Thomas Nelson Publishers.
  • Dan Fullerton. Online information and excercises. Recuperat , a http://www.aplusphysics.com/index.html
  • Tom Henderson. Online information and excercises. Recuperat , a http://www.physicsclassroom.com/class

Avaluació i qualificació

Activitats d'avaluació:

Descripció de l'activitat Avaluació de l'activitat % Recuperable
Suggested classroom activities List of short questions and exercises to assess the contents of the lecture explained in the previous week.
25 No
Mid-term test The test is used to evaluate the understanding of the contents related to the units explained during the course. 15 No
Final exam The final exam is used to evaluate the understanding of the contents related to all course units. 60

Qualificació

- CONTINUOUS ASSESSMENT

The final qualification to pass the subject is 5.

The subject will be continuously assessed through the final exam, the mid-term test and the suggested classroom activities (SCA):


1) FINAL EXAM:

It represents a 60% of the final qualification.

A MINIMUM SCORE of 4 is required to compute the weighted average score, which includes the final exam, the mid-term test and suggested classroom activities (SCA). This average will be the overall score of the subject.

If the student scores less than 4 on the final exam, he/she will not be able to count the continuous assessment (final exam, mid-term test and SCA) as part of their final mark. In this case, the student will have to do the Basic Competences Exam (BCE).

The final exam has 40 multiple choice questions about concepts and short solving problems. Each question will have five options, only one of which is correct. A penalty of 20% of its value will be deducted for each wrong question. There is no deduction for unanswered questions.

The final exam will last 1h 40 minutes.

Relevant information relating to sitting the final exam is described next:

1) You are permitted to use a non-programmable calculator in the exam.

2) You are not permitted to use programmable calculators, any electronic device and/or mobile technology with an Internet connection.

3)No formula sheet and/or lectures/notes are allowed in the exam.


2) MID-TERM TEST:

It represents a 15% of the final qualification.

Remember that the material covered in the mid-term test will be tested again in the final exam.

The mid-term test is an exam in the Moodle. It consists of two parts:

a) Multiple choice questions about concepts and short solving problems similar to those of the final exam. Each question will have five options, only one of which is correct. A penalty of 20% of its value will be deducted for each wrong question. There is no deduction for unanswered questions.

b) Solving problems: They are similar to those done in the in-class activities (at roughly the same level). There is no penalty for wrong question in this part of the exam.

The mid-term test will last 1h 40 minutes.

Relevant information relating to sitting the mid-term test is described next:

1) You are permitted to use a non-programmable calculator in the exam. You are not permitted to use programmable calculators.

3)No formula sheet and/or lectures/notes are allowed in the exam.

4) A blank sheet of paper is allowed to solve the exercises in the exam.


3) SUGGESTED CLASSROOM ACTIVITIES:

It represents a 25 % of the final qualification.

They are in-class activities in the Moodle (Moodle Quizz) and they have to be submitted at the end of the class.

There will be a total of 8 activities during the course that will be held during the regular hours of the class (in-class activities)

The activities consist of a list of questions and solving problems related to the lecture contents of the previous week.

For in-class activities, the 6 best scores of every student will be selected. These 6 activities will be averaged altogether to obtain the overall score of the SCA. The missed activities will count as a zero score. No excused absences will be admitted for any of the activities.

The overall score of the SCA will be the average of the submitted activities (mean of the 6 best scores).

It is mandatory to do a MINIMUM OF 75 % of the SCA to calculate the continuous assessment. If the percentage is less than 75 % the continuous assessment will not be computed and the student must go directly to the BCE (Final Exam is not be permitted in this case).

The overall score of the activities held during the course (which represents the 25% of the final qualification) will be uploaded before the final exam.

ACTIVITIES REVIEW:

Students can revise their activities scheduling an appointment by mail.

-BASIC COMPETENCES EXAM (BCE):


It has a similar format of the final exam and a MINIMUM score of 5 is required to pass it.

The scores of the continuous assessment will be cancelled. As it is a Basic Competences Exam, if the student passes it, his/her final score will be computed as 5.

Criteris específics de la nota «No Presentat»:
Students not attending to neither the continuous assessment nor the final assessment will be marked with a 'not seated' for the corresponding evaluation.

Avaluació única:
The evaluation system in EUSES - UdG is based, in general, in the continuous assessment. If the student wishes to take part in the unique pathway, he / she will need to request it in writing to the lecturer of the subject and the degree coordinator during the first two weeks of the Semester.

If the student opts for the unique pathway (non-continuous assessment):

- The student WILL NOT DO any of the activities of the continuous assessment scheduled during the course (neither SCA nor Mid-Term exam).

- The student will be assessed through a single exam, that is the Final Exam, which corresponds to the 100 % of the overall score of the subject.

- A MINIMUM SCORE of 5 is required to pass the subject. If the score is less than 5, the student fails the subject and he/she will have the opportunity of taking the Basic Competences Exam (BCE) to pass the subject. Details of the BCE are described below.

Requisits mínims per aprovar:
CONTINUOUS ASSESSMENT:

The continuous assessment consists of two assessment activities done during the course (40% of the overall score of the subject): SCA (25%) and Mid-Term Exam (15%). These activities will be carried out during the regular class (dates will be available on the schedule of the course). None of them require a minimum score.

Final Exam (60%): The exam will be held at the University and includes all the units of the course. The format and features of the exam have been described in the previous section. A MINIMUM SCORE OF 4.00 is required to average all the activities of the continuous assessment.

In addition, the following requirements must be fulfilled:

1) Suggested classroom activities (SCA) attendance will be more than or equal to 75 %.

2) Non-assessed activities (exercises and problem solving) submission will be more than or equal to 75 %.

A MINIMUM GRADE OF 5.0 in the Continuous Assessment is required to pass the subject.



NON-CONTINUOUS ASSESSMENT (UNIQUE PATHWAY):

The student will be assessed through only one exam, that is the Final Exam (100% of the overall score).

A MINIMUM GRADE OF 5.0 in the Final Exam is required to pass the subject.

If the student fails the subject, he/she will have the opportunity to taking the Basic Competences Exam (BCE) to pass the subject. A MINIMUM GRADE of 5.0 in the BCE is required to pass the subject.

Tutoria

The tutorials will be carried out in person in enabled classrooms, and also virtually.

Comunicacio i interacció amb l'estudiantat

Communication and interaction with the students will be done in person and virtually throughout the forum of Moodle, video-conferencing means and email.

Observacions

The methodology of the subject is based on didactic units (DU).

Each DU will be related to some specific concepts, which will be first explained by the professor. After that, students will work with the concepts explained in the DUs through the suggested classroom activities.

Prior to every DU, the student will have to download the notes from the Moodle and read them carefully.

At the end of the course the student will be able to:

- Understand the principles and theories about physic agents and their applications to Physiotherapy.

- Learn the principles about Biomechanics and Electrophysiology and their applications to Physiotherapy. Vectors, torques and forces applied to the levers in the human body are included.

Modificació del disseny

Modificació de les activitats:
Scenario I. In person:

1) Lectures:

The contents will be explained in class, at the University (on site).

2) Suggested classroom activities (SCA) and Mid-Term Test:

These activities will have the same features described in the subject brief.

They will be in-class activities that will be classroom activities (on-site mode). They will be scheduled in specific days. Students can check these days in the timetable of the subject, which will be uploaded to the Moodle.

The students will be responsible for bringing their own electronic devices (with Internet connection), such as laptops or tablets, to assure the correct development of the in-class activities.

Blank sheets will not be permitted in the Mid-Term Test. There will be enough space in the exam sheets to do the exercises.

3) Final Exam and Basic Competences Exam:

These exams will have the same properties and format described in the subject brief.

The exams will be held at the University (on site).

Scenario IV. Confinement:

1) Lectures:

Lectures will be carried out online (live streaming and/or video recording).

2) Suggested classroom activities (SCA) and Mid-Term Exam:

These activities will have the same features described in the subject brief.

The activities will be carried out online (Moodle Quiz). They will be scheduled in specific days. Students can check these days in the timetable of the subject, which will be uploaded to the Moodle.

3) Final Exam and Basic Competences Exam:

These exams will have the same features described in the subject brief.

They will be carried out online (Moodle Quiz).

In this scenario, the students can use a blank sheet to do calculations and solve the exercises.

Modificació de l'avaluació:
Scenario I. In person:


There are no changes in the assessment:

- Students will carry out the same activities described in the subject brief.

- The weight assigned to these activities in the overall score will be the same as that indicated in the subject brief.

Requirements for the continuous assessment:

- Students MUST ATTEND MORE THAN 75 % of the SCA (Suggested Classroom Activities) done in class.

-Students MUST SUBMIT MORE THAN 75 % of the non-assessed activities during the course (exercises and problem solving).

Scenario IV. Confinement:

There are no changes in the assessment:

- Students will carry out the same activities described in the subject brief.

- The weight assigned to these activities in the overall score will be the same as that indicated in the subject brief.

Requirements for the continuous assessment:

- Students MUST ATTEND MORE THAN 75 % of the SCA (Suggested Classroom Activities) done in class.

-Students MUST SUBMIT MORE THAN 75 % of the non-assessed activities during the course (exercises and problem solving).


Tutoria i comunicació:
Scenario I. In person:

The tutorials will be carried out in person in enabled classrooms. Communication and interaction with the students will be in person, and the Moodle fórum and email will be used in addition.


Scenario IV. Confinement:

Tutorials will be virtually conducted. Communication and interaction with the students will take place virtually, through the forum of Moodle, video-conferencing means and email.