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Dades generals

Curs acadèmic:
2022
Descripció:
En aquesta assignatura es descriuen formalment la mecànica dels sòlids, dels fluids i dels camps electromagnètics com a base del funcionament del sistema musculo-esquelètic i de l'ús d'agents terapèutics en fisioteràpia.
Crèdits ECTS:
6

Grups

Grup A

Durada:
Semestral, 1r semestre
Professorat:
Jason Daza Collier
Idioma de les classes:
Anglès (100%)

Competències

  • Resoldre problemes
  • Tenir capacitat de gestió d'informació
  • Aprendre a aprendre (aprendre de manera autònoma, actualitzar-se i poder aprofundir en coneixements permanentment)
  • Resoldre problemes complexos de forma efectiva en el camp de la Fisioteràpia.
  • Conèixer i comprendre les ciències, els models, les tècniques i els instruments sobre els quals es fonamenta, articula i desenvolupa la fisioteràpia.

Continguts

1. DEFINITIONS AND CONCEPTS: 1.1.Quantities and units, 1.2. Vectors, 1.3. Scientific notation, 1.4. Conversion factors.

2. NEWTON'S LAWS (I): 2.1. Introduction, 2.2. Newton's laws of motion: 2.2.1. Previous studies, 2.2.2. Newton's first law, 2.2.3. Newton's second law, 2.3. Gravitational force, 2.4.Examples and applications in physiotherapy.

3. NEWTON'S LAWS (II): 3.1. Newton's third law, 3.2. Contact forces: 3.2.1. Definition, 3.2.2. Tension force, 3.2.3.Normal force, 3.2.4. Friction force, 3.3. Drag force, 3.4. Fixed simple pulleys.

4. TORQUES AND LEVERS. 4.1. Torque: 4.1.1. Definition and properties, 4.1.2. Resultant torque, 4.1.3. Static equilibrium, 4.2. Levers: 4.2.1. Definition of lever, 4.2.2. Lever classification, 4.2.3. Levers in the human body.

5. CENTER OF MASS AND EQUILIBRIUM: 5.1. Center of mass and center of gravity: 5.1.1. Definitions and properties, 5.1.2. The CoM/CoG in the human body, 5.1.3.Location of the CoM/CoG, 5.2. Equilibrium and stability: 5.2.1. Static equilibrium, 5.2.2. Factors affecting stability.

6. ENERGY AND WAVES: 6.1. Energy and heat: 6.1.1. What is energy?, 6.1.2. Forms of energy, 6.1.3. Energy and heat, 6.2. Waves: 6.2.1. Waves: definition and properties, 6.2.2. Mathematical description of waves, 6.2.3. Sound waves, 6.2.4. Electromagnetic waves.

7. STATIC FLUIDS: 7.1. Basic concepts, 7.2. Density, 7.3. Pressure: 7.3.1. What is pressure?, 7.3.2.Pressure in liquids, 7.3.3. Pressure in gases, 7.4.Applications in physiotherapy.

8. FLUIDS IN MOTION: 8.1. Fluid flows: 8.1.1. Types of flows, 8.1.2. Continuity equation, 8.1.3. Bernoulli's equation, 8.2. Real flows: 8.2.1. Viscous resistance, 8.2.2. Viscous flows and applications in physiotherapy.

9. COHESIVE FORCES IN LIQUIDS: SURFACE TENSION AND CAPILLARITY: 9.1. Forces between molecules: Adhesion and cohesion, 9.2. Surface tension: 9.2.1. What is surface tension?, 9.2.2. Laplace's law, 9.2.3.Applications in the human body, 9.3. Capillarity: 9.3.1. What is capillarity?, 9.3.2. Jurin's law, 9.3.3. Applications in the human body, 9.4. Examples in physiotherapy.

10. ELECTRICITY: 10.1.Electrostatic force: 10.1.1. Force between point charges - Coulomb's law, 10.1.2. Principle of superposition, 10.2. The electric field: 10.2.1. What is the electric field?, 10.2.2. Principle of superposition, 10.3.The electric potential: 10.3.1. What is the electric potential?, 10.3.2. The electric potential due to a point charge, 10.4. Uniform electric fields: 10.4.1. Properties of uniform electric fields, 10.4.2. Evaluation of electric fields, 10.5. Capacitors: 10.5.1. Definition and properties of capacitors, 10.5.2. The parallel plate capacitor, 10.5.3. Capacitors and physiotherapy: The capacitive effect.

11. ELECTRIC CIRCUITS: 11.1. Electric current: 11.1.1. Generation of electric current, 11.1.2. Current intensity and current density, 11.1.3. Ohm's law, 11.1.4. Electrical resistance and resistivity, 11.2.Electric circuits: 11.2.1. Combination of resistors, 11.2.2. Electric work and electric power, Joule effect, 11.3. Electric currents and physiotherapy: 11.3.1. Resistive effect, 11.3.2. Muscular stimulation using electric currents.

12. MAGNETISM: 12.1. Effects of the magnetic field: 12.1.1. The magnetic field. Definition and properties, 12.1.2. Magnetic field lines, 12.1.3. Magnetic force acting on a moving charged particle, 12.1.4. Charged particle motion in a magnetic field, 12.1.5. Hall effect, 12.2. Generation of magnetic fields: 12.2.1. Sources of magnetic field, 12.2.2. The magnetic field generated by straight current wires, 12.2.3. The magnetic field generated by loop current wires, 12.2.4. The magnetic field generated by coils, 12.3. Applications in physiotherapy.

Activitats

Tipus d’activitat Hores amb professor Hores sense professor Hores virtuals amb professor Total
Prova d'avaluació 2,00 10,00 2,00 14,00
Resolució d'exercicis 11,00 19,00 0 30,00
Sessió expositiva 36,00 54,00 0 90,00
Tutories de grup 4,00 2,00 10,00 16,00
Total 53,00 85,00 12,00 150

Bibliografia

  • Cromer, A. (1994). Physics for the Life Sciences. McGraw-Hill.
  • Newman, J. (2008). Physics of the Life Sciences. Springer.
  • Hewitt, P. G. (2016). Conceptual Physics. Prentice Hall.
  • Tipler, P.A., Mosca, G. (2003). Physics for Scientists and Engineers. W H Freeman & Co.
  • Zinke-Allmang, M. (2012). Physics for the Life Sciences. Thomas Nelson Publishers.
  • Dan Fullerton. Online information and excercises. Recuperat , a http://www.aplusphysics.com/index.html
  • Tom Henderson. Online information and excercises. Recuperat , a http://www.physicsclassroom.com/class

Avaluació i qualificació

Activitats d'avaluació:

Descripció de l'activitat Avaluació de l'activitat % Recuperable
Suggested Classroom Activities (SCA) List of short questions and exercises to assess the contents of the lecture explained in the previous week.
25 No
Midterm Exam The Midterm Exam is used to evaluate the understanding of the contents related to the units explained during the course. 15 No
Final Exam The Final Exam is used to evaluate the understanding of the contents related to all didactic units developed throughout the course. 60

Qualificació

1. CONTINUOUS ASSESSMENT

Students will be continuously assessed by Suggested Classroom Activities (SCA), Midterm Exam and Final Exam, thereby receiving a weighted average of the continuous assessment: 25% for Suggested Classrom Activities, 15% for Midterm Exam and 60% for Final Exam.

1.1. Suggested Classroom Activities (SCA):

-This evaluation activity represents a 25% of the final mark of the course.
-They are in-class activities carried out through the Moodle page of the course and must be submitted during the class.
-Students must be present in class to do the SCAs. Not being in class will result in a zero for the corresponding SCA.
-There will be a total of 10 SCAs during the course that will be held during regular class hours (in-class activities).
-The activities consist of a list of questions and problems related to the lecture contents of the previous week.
-Out of the 10 SCAs, the 8 best scores for each student will be selected. The missed activities will count as a zero. Non-excused absences will also be counted as a zero.
-The overall score of the SCA will be the average of the submitted activities (mean of the 8 best scores).
-Students must attend and do a minimun of 80% of the SCAs in order to calculate the weighted average of the continuous assessment. If attendance is less than 80%, the continuous assessment will not be calculated and the student must go directly to the Basic Competence Exam (Final Exam is not be permitted in this case).
-The overall score of the activities held during the course will be uploaded before the Final Exam.


1.2. Midterm Exam

-This evaluation activity represents a 15% of the final mark of the course.
-The contents covered in the Midterm Exam will be tested again in the Final Exam.
-The Midterm Exam is carried out through the Moodle page of the course and consists of two parts:
->Part 1 - Multiple choice: 20 multiple choice questions about concepts and short solving problems (similar to those of the Final Exam). Each question will have five possible answers, only one of which is correct. A penalty of 20% of the value of the question will be deducted for each wrong answer. There is no deduction for unanswered questions.
->Part 2 - Problem solving: Problems similar to those done in the in-class activities (at roughly the same level). There is no penalty for wrong answers in this part of the exam.
-The Midterm Exam will last for 90 minutes.
-The use of programmable calculators and/or formula sheets are not permitted.
-Students must ensure they have the appropriate equipment and devices to carry out the Midterm Exam.

1.3. Final Exam:

-This evaluation activity represents a 60% of the final mark of the course.
-A minimum mark of 4 is required to calculate the weighted average (which includes SCAs, Midterm Exam and Final Exam). This average will be the overall score of the subject.
-If the student scores less than 4 in the Final Exam, he/she will not be able to count the continuous assessment (SCAs, Midterm Exam and Final Exam) as part of the final mark. In this case, the student will have to sit the Basic Competences Exam (BCE).
-The Final Exam includes 40 multiple choice questions about concepts and short solving problems.
-Each question will have five possible answers, only one of which is correct.
-A penalty of 20% of the value of the question will be deducted for each wrong answer.
-There is no deduction for unanswered questions.
-The Final Exam will last for 90 minutes.
-The use of programmable calculators and/or formula sheets are not permitted.


2. NON-CONTINUOUS ASSESSMENT

-Students can skip all continuous assessment activities (SCAs and Midterm Exam), and only sit the Final Exam. In this case, they will not be continuously assessed, therefore, 100% of their mark will correspond to the Final Exam.
-A minimum mark of 5 in the Final Exam is required to pass the subject.
-If the overall score of the subject is less than 5, the student will fail the subject.


3. BASIC COMPETENCES EXAM (BCE):

-Students who fail the subject will have the opportunity to sit the Basic Competences Exam (BCE) regardless of the evaluation method chosen.
-It will have a similar format to that of the Final Exam and a minimum score of 5 is required to pass it.
-In this case, the scores of the continuous assessment will be cancelled.
-As it is a Basic Competences Exam, students who pass it will have a 5 as the final mark of the subject.
-If a student does not reach the minimum mark of 5 in the BCE, the final mark of the subject will equal that of the BCE.

Criteris específics de la nota «No Presentat»:
Students not attending to either the continuous assessment and/or the final assessment will be marked with a 'not seated' for the corresponding evaluation.

Avaluació única:
The evaluation system in EUSES - UdG is based, in general, on continuous assessment. If the student wishes to take part in the unique pathway (Non-Continuous Assessment), he/she will need to request it in writing to the professors of the subject and the degree coordinator during the first two weeks of the semester.

If the student opts for the Non-Continuous Assessment:

-The student will not do any of the Continuous Assessment activities scheduled during the course (neither Suggested Classroom Activities Studies nor Midterm Exam).
-The student will be assessed through a single exam, that is the Final Exam, which corresponds to 100 % of the overall mark of the subject.
-A minimum mark of 5 is required to pass the subject. If the mark is less than 5, the student fails the subject and he/she will have the opportunity of taking the Basic Competences Exam (BCE) to pass the subject.

Requisits mínims per aprovar:
CONTINUOUS ASSESSMENT:

-Suggested Classroom Activities (SCA) attendance must be more than or equal to 80%.
-A minimum mark of 4 in the Final Exam is required in order to calculate the weighted average to pass the subject.
-A minimum mark of 5 in the Continuous Assessment (SCAs, Midterm Exam and Final Exam) is required to pass the subject.

NON-CONTINUOUS ASSESSMENT:

-A minimum score of 5 in the Final Exam is required in order to pass the subject.


If the student fails the subject, he/she will have the opportunity to take the Basic Competences Exam (BCE) to pass the subject regardless of the evaluation assessment chosen. A minimum mark of 5 in the BCE is required to pass the subject.

Tutoria

The tutorships will be carried out in person in enabled classrooms, and also virtually.

Comunicacio i interacció amb l'estudiantat

Communication and interaction with the students will be done in person and virtually throughout the Moodle forum, video-conferencing means and email.

Observacions

The methodology of the subject is based on didactic units (DU).

Each DU will be related to some specific concepts, which will be first explained by the professor. After that, students will work with the concepts explained in the DUs through the Suggested Classroom Activities.

Prior to every DU, the student will have to download the notes from the Moodle and read them carefully.


Learning outcomes:

- Knowing the principles and theories on which physical agents and their applications in Physiotherapy are based on.
- Knowing the principles of biomechanics and electrophysiology and its main applications in the field of Physiotherapy.
- Understanding the distribution of vectors, torques and forces in levers found in the human body.

Modificació del disseny

Modificació de les activitats:
SCENARIO I - FACE-TO-FACE (IN PERSON):

1. Lectures:

-The contents will be explained in class, at the University (on site).


2. Suggested Classroom Activities (SCA) and Midterm Exam:

-These activities will have the same features described in the subject outline.
-They will be in-class activities (done during regular class hours).
-They will be scheduled on specific dates.
-Students can check these dates in the timetable of the subject, which will be uploaded on Moodle.
-The students will be responsible for bringing their own electronic devices (with Internet connection), such as laptops or tablets, to ensure the correct development of the in-class activities.


3. Final Exam and Basic Competences Exam:

-These exams will have the same properties and format described in the subject outline.
-The exams will be held at the University (on site).


SCENARIO IV - CONFINEMENT:

1. Lectures:

-Lectures will be carried out online (live streaming and/or video recordings).


2. Suggested Classroom Activities (SCA) and Midterm Exam:

-These activities will have the same features described in the subject outline.
-The activities will be carried out online (Moodle Quiz).
-They will be scheduled on specific dates.
-Students can check these datess in the timetable of the subject, which will be uploaded on Moodle.


3. Final Exam and Basic Competences Exam:

-These exams will have the same features described in the subject outline.
-They will be carried out online (Moodle Quiz).

Modificació de l'avaluació:
SCENARIO I - FACE-TO-FACE (IN PERSON):

There are no changes in the assessment:
-Students will carry out the same activities described in the subject outline.
-The weight assigned to these activities in the overall score will be the same as that indicated in the subject outline.


SCENARIO IV - CONFINEMENT:

There are no changes in the assessment:
-Students will carry out the same activities described in the subject outline.
-The weight assigned to these activities in the overall score will be the same as that indicated in the subject outline.

Tutoria i comunicació:
SCENARIO 1 - FACE-TO-FACE (IN PERSON):

Tutorships will be carried out in person in enabled classrooms. Communication and interaction with the students will be in person, and the Moodle forum and email will be used in addition.


SCENARIO IV - CONFINEMENT:

Tutorships will be virtually conducted. Communication and interaction with the students will take place virtually, through the Moodle forum, video-conferencing means and email.

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