Departament de Geografia

Sortides de Camp

Activitats permanents

VISITA AL PARC NATURAL DE L’ALT PIRINEU i EL PARC NACIONAL D’AIGÜESTORTES i SANT MAURICI

24 i 25 de maig de 2019

L’assignatura de Gestió dels Espais Naturals, conduïda pel professor Josep Vila es clou cada curs amb una sortida excepcional que porta als estudiants al llarg de dos dies a alguns dels racons més feréstecs i espectaculars de Catalunya: el Parc Natural de l’Alt Pirineu i el Parc Nacional d’Aigüestortes i Sant Maurici. L’objectiu d’aquest dos intensos dies són conèixer el model de gestió i els principals reptes i assoliments de dos espais naturals protegits de referència. 

El Parc Natural de l’Alt Pirineu, el més gran en superfície de Catalunya, es caracteritza per un model de gestió que busca la compatibilitat entre els usos tradicionals, el patrimoni rural i la recuperació de la gran fauna salvatge de Catalunya. Aquí s’ha treballat el projecte Piroslife centrat en l’ós bru que s’ha convertit en un símbol del Parc i un reclam turístic no exempt de polèmica. En aquest context s’ha visitat la Casa de l’Ós ubicada al nucli d’Isil, a les Valls d’Àneu, que és un equipament per donar a conèixer aquesta emblemàtica espècie reintroduïda al Pirineu a partir de mitjans dels anys 90’s .

La visita al Parc Nacional d’Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici s’ha centrat en conèixer el Pla de Rector d’Ús i Gestió (PRUG). Aquesta part teòrica s’ha complementat amb una visita de camp al sector de Sant Maurici – Estany de Ratera de la mà dels tècnics del Parc per conèixer les principals característiques biofísiques, la història i els principals reptes de gestió de l’únic Parc Nacional de Catalunya. Un sortida de camp que el dia anterior havia inclòs també l’avetosa de la Mata de València, la més gran de la península ibèrica, ubicada a la zona de perifèrica del mateix Parc Nacional.

El bell mig del llacs, boscos, muntanyes, neu i salts d’aigua donem per acabada l’assignatura i el curs acadèmic amb el desig de tornar a visitar ben aviat aquest indrets tan emblemàtics de la geografia catalana.

fotografia del grup durant la caminada

Sortida al Parc Natural del Cap de Creus

El passat divendres 26 d’abril, dins el marc de l’assignatura “Gestió d’Espais Naturals”, els i les alumnes del grau van visitar el Parc Natural del Cap de Creus. Dins el Parc, s’hi poden trobar diverses figures de protecció, cosa que va resultar d’especial interès per a entendre el funcionament i la gestió d’aquests espais. La primera parada de la sortida va ser al Mas Ventós, des de on els alumnes van gaudir d’una contextualització del parc gràcies al professor Josep Vila.

Després d’una explicació i contextualització del parc, es van dirigir a la segona parada; el Palau de l’Abat. Des d’allà, el tècnic del parc Gerard Carrión els va fer una Presentació del Parc, el seu Pla Especial i problemàtiques. La presentació va resultar molt útil per a entendre la “teoria” del parc natural i els problemes pràctics de gestió que es troben el dia a dia.

Després de dinar a Cadaqués, els alumnes es van dirigir al Paratge de Tudela, on van poder gaudir d’una visita guiada a càrrec de Marta Puiguriguer, geòloga i autora del llibre guia sobre aquest indret. Les explicacions van ser mol útils i entretingudes, ja que barrejaven la tots els trets interessants de l’espai; l’art de Dalí, el patrimoni geològic amb els sòls més vells de Catalunya, i la gestió d’aquest espai.

Sortida al Baix Ter

El passat divendres 26 d’abril, els estudiants de l’assignatura “Fonaments de Geografia” de primer curs, van realitzar una sortida de camp al Baix Ter per tal de conèixer de primera mà els canvis ambientals que s’estan donant en aquest espai arrel del procés de modernització del regadiu i la intensificació agrícola, els efectes del canvi climàtic i el projecte de desurbanització i restauració ecològica a la Pletera. 

Van comptar amb les explicacions de Josep Pascual, meteoròleg de l’Estartit, sobre els efectes que està tenint el canvi climàtic en el mar, les temperatures i el règim de precipitacions a la Costa Brava.

Excursion to the Balearic Islands as part of the Dynamics and Management of Urban and Rural Spaces course.

21, 22, 23 February saw students enrolled on the Dynamics and Management of Urban and Rural Spaces course carrying their practicum in Majorca. For three days students visited the island and were able to observe the various dynamics and management carried out there.

They were received on Thursday evening by Onofre Rullan Salamanca at the University of the Balearic Islands, Sa Riera building. They were given a small preview of what they would be seeing the following day and provided with various data for contextualisation with the islands and their dynamics.

They left their hostel on 22 February and travelled to the village of Vall de Mossa, and afterwards up to Deià. Students were able to observe the dynamics and environments of both villages, which are located in Serra de Tramuntana. They then crossed the village of Sóller, going as far as Inca, where they walked up the Santa Magdalena mountain to observe views of Es Pla.

Once the morning had finished, they went to have lunch in the village of Maria de la Salut. They spent the afternoon observing Es Plan and one of its main defining features: agriculture. They then went up Santuari de Cura mountain.

They ended the day in the village of s’Arenal where there was a large crowd of German tourists. They were accompanied and guided throughout the day by Professor Onofre Rullan and Dr Sònia Vives.

They made an excursion to Magaluf on the morning of 23 February, a mainly English tourist centre and notorious for the tourist problems it creates. The rest of morning was spent at Palma's historical centre. This was supervised by Jesús Manuel González Pérez.

We at the department would like to thank the University of the Balearic Islands and the lecturers who accompanied the students during their trip and helped them to discover the territory's dynamics.

Valldemossa, in the Tramuntana mountain range

Visit to the cross-border sector between Portbou and Banyuls de la Marenda

As part of the Regional Geography evaluation activity, 2nd year students, on Friday, 6 April, visited the cross-border sector between Portbou and Banyuls de la Marenda, climbing to the peak of Querroig (637 m.). The main objective was to discover the reality of border territories and the historical, socioeconomic and political dynamics that characterise these peripheral areas. Equally, understanding the differences and similarities between neighbouring geographical areas that are conditioned by administrative limits of differing scales (governmental, regional and municipal). This involved a 15 km hike between the two urban areas. From Portbou, the borderline was followed to the ruins of the Castle of Querroig and, from there, students descended along the long path that separates the hydrographic basins of the streams in Cervera, to the east, and Banyuls, to the west. The return until Portbou would be made by the French trains (SNCF).

Visit to the Alta Muga sector and the Empordanet sector

As part of the Regional Geography subject (2nd year) and, as part of the field visit associated work for the semester, students visited the Alta Muga area (in the Alt Empordà). Accompanied by the group responsible for the activity, a 4-stop trip was designed making it possible to analyse, from a regional point of view, both the physical and socio-economic variables of this zone. The journey started with a presentation from the panoramic viewpoint offered the hermitage of St. Magdalena, 519 m (Terrades). Students continued to the second point, atop the renowned ‘Torre dels Moros’ (Sant Llorenç de la Muga). The third stop was made at the viewpoint to the right of the Darnius-Boadella reservoir and finally, the last stop was at the parish constituting the mediaeval historical town of Maçanet de Cabrenys.

In the afternoon, the excursion continued with a second group of students that chose the Empordanet sector (Baix Empordà) as the area of study. To this end, and following the logic defined for each visit, they walked up to a panoramic viewpoint to get an idea of the geographical area. In this case, it was the peak of Roca Maura (219 m), above the town of Estartit.  From there, we travelled to the foot of the Ullà quarry; then, to the peak of Font Pasquala, 92 m (Gualta), before finally heading to the viewpoint at the Torre de les Hores (Pals), recently opened to the public.

Visit to the Montseny Nature Reserve

"Within the framework of the subject "Environmental political institutions", the students of the Bachelor's Degree of Geography visited it happens it 27 April the Nature Reserve of the Montseny. The objective was to know the different policies and performances of adaptation that from the Park they are being carried out in order to face to the effects of the climatic change. Wildlife officers Fèlix Amat and Anna Sanitjas told them about the "LIFE Tritó Montseny” newt conservation project, forestry management interventions to adapt to climate change and the biomass boiler in Arbúcies.

Exit of field to the Puig d'Esquer (Alt Empordà)

On Friday the 20th April the students of first course of the Bachelor's Degree of Geography carried out an exit of field to the Puig d'Esquer (Alt Empordà).

The objective of the exit, directed by Carles Bayés, specialist teacher in climatology, was to know and to interpret the geography of the meteorology in the small Mediterranean basin of the stream of the Valleta. An itinerary on foot was carried out from the people of Vilamaniscle and until the peak of the mountain Esquer, making a total of 7 stops that they have been for knowing the geographical peculiarities of the territory, characterising the zone climatically and relating the meteorology narrowly with the landscape.

EXIT OF ADVANCED SIG WITH THE DRONES

Within the framework of the subject of Advanced SIG the pupils could know at first hand the two types of drones (fixed wing and multi-rotor) that the Department of Geography of the University of Girona and the different sensors RGB orders and multispectral.

The testing ground was the airfield of Tapioles (Tortellà). They programmed missions in the same airfield to create maps in first place 2D and 3D with the sensor RGB using points of control (CGP) with GPS of high accuracy and differential correction RTK. In second place it is he planned a flight with the multispectral camera to know the state of the vegetation of some allotments of forest. It was a very complete session as the photographs show.

GEO2

THE FACES OF LANDSCAPE IN JOENSUU (FINLAND)

Between 4 and 16 February 2018, eight students from the 3rd and 4th year of the Bachelor's degree in Geography, Town and Country Planning and Environmental Management at the University of Girona took part in the project in the Finnish city of Joensuu as part of the European project Erasmus+ Towards Low Carbon Societies.

Along this days they assisted to different lectures of experts linked to subjects of the low societies in carbon and they worked together with students of Poland and of Joensuu. They also had occasion of visiting some of the most spectacular places of Finland, as the National Park of Koli.

BIOGEOGRAPHICAL TRANSSECTE GIRONA - BESALÚ - EYE OF TER WITH THE SUBJECT OF BIOGEOGRAPHY

Last 19 January 2017 the students of the subject of Biogeography and Environmental Change, of 3rd and 4t of the Bachelor's degree in Geography, Town and Country Planning and Environmental Management they carried out one biogeographical transsecte with beginning in Girona and end in Ull de Ter making different stops along the path.

During the transsecte they could observe the evolution from the room of the oak wood of low earth until the alpine room with the objective of analysing the different ones rooms of vegetation that they find fruit of the altitudinal gradient and the microclimatic conditions given by the relief.

VISIT TO THE NATURE RESERVE OF THE FOREST OF THE MAÇANA WITH THE PUPILS OF BIOGEOGRAPHY

The Nature Reserve of the Forest of the Maçana is placed in the French aspect of the Saw of the Albera, in the Oriental Pyrenees. It is a matter of a singular ripe forest, since it has a practically coastal beechwood, because of its proximity to the Mediterranean. It is a Nature Reserve since 1973, and among its older species beeches and some oak highlight martinenc. The Forest of the Maçana has become a natural laboratory to study the evolution of the environmental change.

The students registered to the subject Biogeography and Environmental Change, of 3rd and 4t of the Bachelor's degree in Geography, Town and Country Planning and Environmental Management, they visited the Reservation last Friday 17 of noviembre of 2017. The students could observe the magnificence of this forest, in which they highlight the variety of ages of the trees, with the presence of old trees and dead trees. The culminating point of the excursion was to the birth of the fluvial course of the Maçana.

Maçana forest

Pupils of 4t visit the Institute Cap Norfeu and the Institute Manyanet Blanes in the project Geoactiva't, which arrives to its point and end

Since some weeks ago, in the subject of 4t ‘Techniques and professional methods in Geography’, the project has been carried out Geoactiva't with the will of nearing the university pupils to the educational centres of secondary from the perspective of the teaching staff, at the same time that it transmits the geographical discipline in a ludic and amusing way, beyond the textbooks, to students of ESO

The morning of Friday 28 of April, the two last groups, compounds for six and seven pupils respectively, they visited theInstitute Cap Norfeu (Roses) and theInstitute Manyanet Blanes to impart workshops to pupils of 3rd of ESO. Activities of interpretation, location and orientation about maps and analysis of air photographs to visualise the different uses of the ground along the history were developed there.

With the practical part now over, we wish to thank the Institutes of Santa Eugènia, Vilafant, Cap Norfeu, and Manyanet Blanes, where the workshops were carried out, for their cooperation and encouragement.

On Tuesday the 16th May, in the classroom, one will be made general appraisal of the project and the conclusions will be extracted on the part of each group.

The pupils of "Foundations of Geography" carry out an exit to the Ter Bass

On Friday the 28th April the students of the subject “Foundations of Geography”, of first course, carried out an exit to the Ter Bass with the objective of knowing the recent environmental changes derived from two performances that are being taken to term. On the one hand, the process of modernisation of the irrigated land and for the other one the de housing development and restoration of the place of the Pletera.
The visit to La Pletera was led by Àgata Colomer, geographer and project officer for the LIFE Pletera  project, which she was invited to speak about by the Department on ‘Geography day this year.

Photo: Àgata Colomer explains the project Life Pletera to the pupils of "Foundations of Geography".

Study of the risk of flood in the city of Girona in the subject Environmental Risks and Society

On days 6 and 7 of April, the pupils of 3rd and 4t that ‘Environmental Risks’ are processing the optional subject ‘and Society’, directed by the teacher Anna Ribas, they carried out an exit for Girona in what they studied different questions linked to the risk of flood of the city.

The  Onyar river was central to the excursion, which began in Plaça Catalunya and guided the group through different points of interest, from the Alferes Huarte bridge, which takes its name from the soldier who sacrificed his life to save a mother and daughter from a stretch of the Güell river in 1940, to the Museu d’Història de Girona, passing through the Rambla de la Llibertat, Argenteria and Ballesteries street and the Pujada de Sant Feliu. It ended with a highly recommended visit to the temporary exhibition 'La Girona de l’Aigua' (Girona of the Water), on until 21 May.

Along the itinerary aspects were treated interesting in the linking of the city and the water; this last, understood like an appreciated resource and, paradoxically, important triggering historical risk, far from the images of postcard, numerous episodes of flood –some yet not fifty years ago- with high material and, in the worst case, human costs. A still very alive souvenir in the historical and popular memory, a collection of plaques and disperse brands for the urban framework of the level achieved by the water, making us of the exhibition of the city aware, keeping, among many other elements in this risk that, in spite of its resilience, continues meaning a high danger.

The pupils of Techniques and professional methods in Geography, teachers for a day

The pupils of 4t of Geography registered in the subject Techniques and professional methods in Geography, backed up by four geographers with the master in formation of the Teaching Staff, they are developing a practical that consists in giving class during a morning to pupils of 3rd of ESO of until four different institutes: Santa Eugènia (Girona), Vilafant (Vilafant), No Norfeu (Roses) and Manyanet Blanes (Blanes).

The practical intends ofnearing the university pupils to the educational centres from the perspective of the teaching staff one of the several professional exits that it offers introducing the improvement of the bachelor's degree for them; the teaching. At the same time, allow transmitting the geographical discipline, in a ludic and amusing way, beyond the textbooks, to pupils of ESO.

The last Friday 28th March two groups gave class in the institutes of secondary education (IES) of Santa Eugènia i Vilafant, respectively. The class divided into three activities, with thegeographical essence as a central pillar: a gymkhana for the surroundings of the institute; locating and to place different elements(equipaments, infrastructures, sectors...) about the map; and a game by heart historical with photographs of different spaces in the present and in the past.

In the next weeks the two remaining groups will impart its teaching in the IES Head Norfeu and Manyanet Blanes. Surely, as the colleagues conclude that they have already carried it out, it will be a very interesting and rewarding experience.

Practicum of 3rd in Sant Sebastià: analysis of the strategic projects of the city and of the metropolitan area

On the 2, 3 and 4 of March of 2017 the pupils of 3rd registered to the compulsory subject of 18 credits Dynamics and Management of the Urban Spaces they traveled to the city of Donostia-San Sebastian, Basque Country, to carry out a practicum of three days with the objective of analysing the strategic projects of the city and of the metropolitan area.

On the day 2 in the afternoon they visited the town of Idiazabal (comarca of Goierri), to know the project ‘Gaztaren Mamia’ started to the year 2012 of the hand of the Town Council of Idiazabal. Iñigo Álvarez de Eulate Bada, partner and co-founder of the company‘GESTORES EUROPEOS’ and project leader, gave an interesting talk. The project aims to raise the profile of country life with cooperation from local producers. A project that wants  to thank the peasantry its multi-functional function of production of foods, of conservation of the landscape and of maintenance of the country culture. The main lines of work of the project are: support and dynamisation of the local peasantry; promotion of the tourism linked to the local agricultural product and sensitisation to the local citizenship. We visited the family-run cheese factory belong to the Aranburu brothers: Jesús, Juanjo and Javier, whose grandparents were shepherds. Its cheeses are recognised at world level with prizes and distinctions.

On the 3rd they received the geographer for us I Pello Urkidi Elorrieta, teacher of the Department of Didactics of the Science Social of the University of the Basque Country and the lawyer Mikel Iriondo, that he has worked as officer in the town council of Donostia in the office of the General Plan (POUM). The teacher Pello Urkidi made balance of the territorial policies in the Basque Country in the  last 20 years  and  Mikel Iriondo made an approach to the planing of Donostia and  to the projects and challenges of future.  We spent much of the afternoon seeing the city: the Boulevard, La Concha beach, the ‘viejo’ quarter (at the foot of Mount Urgull and between the port and the mouth of the Urumea River) and from the Kursaal bridge we entered the Gros area to see the Gros (Zurriola) beach expansion and the Conference Hall and Auditorium, one of the most important drivers of social and economic revitalisation in the neighbourhood. The visit concluded in the International Centre for Contemporary Culture TABAKALERA .

We finished the route on Saturday morning by visiting the urban corridor which extends along the shoreline San Sebastián to Bayonne (France), accompanied by geography professor from the University of the Basque Country Juan Cruz Alberdi Collantes. This polinuclear metropolitan space is home to a cross-border cooperation project called "Eurociudad vasca San Sebastián-Bayona" , which aspires to support this urban continuity and create a “new” city in the symbolic heart of this Euro region.

Students  were able to see and find out about one of the richest areas in Spain. From now on, they will have to work hard to present projects in this area both orally and in written form, which will make up at least 6 credits for the Bachelor's degree in Geography, Town and Country Planning and Environmental Management. In this visit and they assisted els/les professors/es: Isabel Salamaña (coordinator of the practicum), Joan VicenteNeus Monllor and the grantholder of the Department of Geography Javi Martin

Gone out to the Market Place Neighbourhood from Girona and to the centre of the urban area of Salt

In the subject Town and Country Planning and Environmental Management, 4th year Geography students visited the Mercadal neighbourhood in Girona and town centre of Salt with the aim of studying their growth and urban integration throughout history in parallel with the urban planning policies that have been defined, in order to understand the dynamics and functions adopted today in the city as a whole.

The exit has taken place on Tuesday the 17th January. From the Catalonia Square the itinerary, spending Jaume I for the Street Santa Clara i Gran Via until Square Marquès de Camps has started, from where, with the grant of the transport public, the group has gone to the heart of the people of Salt. Along the excursion special emphasis has been made in the role of the public space, especially of the squares, as an organiser of the urban area and the importance for the citizenship and the social cohesion.

Visit Techniques of Ordering of the Territory in the East Sector of Girona in the subject

The last Tuesday 13th December, the pupils of the subject Techniques of Ordering of the territory and Environmental Management of 4t of the Bachelor's degree in Geography, Town and Country Planning and Environmental Management (GOTIGMA) they visited the Neighbourhood of the East Sector of Girona, Town-red and Font of the Gunpowder, in order to analyse it in terms of urban planning and social and territorial justice.

The first zone of study was Town-red, series of Source of the Gunpowder, in where the teacher and ex town councillor of urban planning in Girona Isabel Salamaña explained in great detail the origins, the development and the dynamics of the neighbourhood until day of today.

Finally, the group went to the Civic Centre to develop an interesting debate with respect to the subjects treated along the visit.

Management of Natural Spaces 2016: Aigüestortes and Cap de Creus

As part of the subject Management of Natural Spaces, different protected natural spaces in Catalonia have been visited (ENP) with the aim of finding out how they are planned and managed by those responsible, in addition to their main problems and challenges.

On Friday 11 November and Saturday 12 November we visited the High Pyrenees Nature Reserve, the largest protected natural space in Catalonia, and the Aigüestortes and Sant Maurici National Reserve, the only one in Catalonia. We also visited the Casa de l’Ós [The Bear’s House] where the Piroslife project was explained to us with the participation of the team monitoring the brown bear in Pallars Sobirà. 

On Friday 18 November, we did the same at the Cap de Creus Nature Reserve, the protected natural space with the greatest diversity and complexity of special protection items in all of Catalonia. In the afternoon we did a guided tour of Paratge de Tudela and the restored space occupied by Club Mediterranée until 2005.  

The mayor of Vall d'en Bas receives the students taking the subject Town and Country Planning Techniques

On Thursday 17 November, the 26 students enrolled on thesubject Town and Planning Techniques and Environmental Management of the 4th year of the Bachelor's degree in Geography, Town and Country Planning and Environmental Management (GOTIGMA) of the University of Girona were received by the mayor of Vall d'en Bas to find out how such a complex municipality is planned.

The first stop, however, was the village of El Mallol, the village with the second largest number of inhabitants in the municipality behind Sant Esteve, where the teachers Isabel Salamaña and Mita Castañer introduced the students to the municipality of Vall d'en Bas, whose geographical location makes its historical centre into an authentic point of interest.

Next, the mayor Lluís Amat received the students in the iconic building of Can Trona, Nature and Cultura Centre of Vall d'en Bas. After a quick visit to the permanent exhibition, an interesting debate was initiated with Núria Camps, member of the office of the secretary and specialist in town planning, Xavier Collell, culture officer, and the mayor himself.

From the Department of Geography we would like to thank the town of Vall d'en Bas.

El Mallol

3rd year practical in Zaragoza: before and after the great strategic projects

On Thursday 10 April 2016, 3rd year students on the compulsory 18-credit subject Dynamics and Management of Urban Spaces travelled to the city of Zaragoza, the capital of Aragon, to carry out a 3-day practicum with the objective of analysing the before and after of the city’s large strategic projects.

The city is notable for its origins as a  of distribution hub for the Romans in the peninsular province of the Empire, from where it took the name Caesaraugusta, and over the years expanding along the vital backbone of the Ebro river.

It status as a huge municipality with a very high percentage of the population of the Autonomous Community of Aragon, of which it is the capital city, turned Zaragoza into ground zero during Spain’s real estate boom. This was particularly evident in the desert area of Arcosur, where only three or four isolated blocks of flats were built in the middle of the province's arid desert.

We were met in the city by UNIZAR Geography professor Mr Severino Escolano Utrilla, who took us on a comprehensive tour through the historic town centre. On Friday morning we were received in the General Manager's Office of Urban Planning at the Town Council by Mr Ramón Betrán Abadía, Director de Servicios de Planificación y Diseño Urbano and in the afternoon the tram took us to the ACTUR neighbourhood and for a wander around Avenida Ranillas, where Mr. Francisco Pellicer Corellano, General Manager of Expo 2008, Geography teacher at UNIZAR, and Green Space Planning and Management Officer of Zaragoza, showed us the interventions to adapt the Ebro river bed as a result of the investment obtained through Water Expo 2008.

We finished the city itinerary on Saturday morning, visiting the most important places on the southern periphery: the Parque Venecia shopping centre, the Valdespartera and Arcosur neighbourhoods and, finally, Aragon’s large logistics centre, P.L.A.Z.A.

This trip enabled students to see and find out more about the cities most affected and transformed by the economic crisis and the housing boom. Their task now is to work towards presenting a project on paper and orally to obtain at least 6 credits in the Bachelor's degree in Geography, Town and Country Planning and Environmental Management.

Outing to Empordà with the Master in Environmental Change

9 November 2013: with the aim of observing and analysing the environmental changes in the area of Empordà, the students on the Master in Environmental Change: Analysis and Management, within the framework of the subject Impacts and adaptation to human activity, the territory and the landscape, visited: Aiguamolls de l'Empordà, Puig Rom (Trinitat Castle) in Roses, the vineyard area of Vilajuïga/Garriguella and the La Vinyeta Cellar in Mollet de Peralada.

La Vinyeta

Roses

Montfullà i Estació wastewater treatment plant and Campdorà incinerator

18 December 2013: within the framework of the subject: Institutions and Environmental Policies, the students of the Bachelor's Degree in Geography visited Montfullà i Estació wastewater treatment plant (Bescanó) and the Campdorà incinerator (Girona).

Treatment