Background of the research group
The Legal Philosophy Research Group of the University of Girona works within the tradition of analytical philosophy. In this sense, our methodology is always based on conceptual analysis as a way of clarifying and understanding the social reality we intend to study, through the examination of the discourses which bear upon it. The elucidation of the framework of legal thought requires the analysis of the concepts that figure in the different legal practices; in turn, to carry out this kind of analysis, the theorist must determine the content of these concepts and the way they are related to each other.
In the last years, however, the Research Group has devoted itself to the study of practical legal problems. In this sense, the previous project was focused on the issue of causation and the adscription of responsibility. The ongoing project advances on the same track, profiting the previous results and extending the inquiry to the evidentiary problems involved in the adscription of responsibility. Since the analytical philosophy is so central in the activities of the Group, the methodology of conceptual analysis has become the ultimate criterion for assessing the results of our research.
In this context, two kinds of activities have been carried out: activities aimed to strengthen the general framework of legal analysis, and specific activities related to the object of study of each research project.
Regarding the general activities, during the last years we have been carrying out an annual seminar program, with an average fortnight periodicity, with the participation of renown international specialists on the subject such as: Cristina Redondo (University of Genoa), Rafael Hernández Marín (University of Murcia), Giovanni Sartor (University of Bolonia), Jorge L. Rodríguez (National University of Mar del Plata), Luis Prieto Sanchís (University of Castilla - La Mancha), Francisco Laporta (Autonomous University of Madrid), Daniel González Lagier (University of Alicante), Lars Vinx (University of Ancara), Juan Ramón de Páramo (University of Castilla - La Mancha), Scott Shapiro (Yale University), Susan Haack (University of Miami), Giovanni Tuzet (University “Luigi Bocconi”), Pierluigi Chiassoni (University of Genoa), Brian Leiter (University of Chicago), Frederick Schauer (Harvard University), Verónica Rodríguez Blanco (University of Birmingham), Giorgio Maniaci (University of Palermo), Josep Aguiló (University of Alicante), Wilfrid Waluchow (McMaster University), Alfonso García Figueroa (University of Castilla-La Mancha), Juan Antonio Cruz Parcero (National Autonomous University of Mexico), Juan Carlos Bayón (Autonomous University of Madrid), Paolo Comanducci (University of Genoa), Alfonso Ruiz Miguel (Autonomous University de Madrid), Francesco Biondo (University of Palermo), Richard Tur (University of Oxford), Matthew Kramer (University of Cambridge), Vito Velluzzi (University of Milan), Michael S. Moore (University of Illinois), Pablo E. Navarro (National University of Bahía Blanca), Liborio L. Hierro (Autonomous University of Madrid), Damiano Canale (University “Luigi Bocconi”), Maria Vittoria Ballestrero (University of Genoa), Jules Coleman (Yale University), and Andrés Páez (University of Los Andes), Daniel Mendonca (Catholic University “Nuestra Señora de la Asunción”), Mauro Barberis (University of Trieste), José Juan Moreso (Pompeu Fabra University), Hernán Bouvier (National University of Cordoba), Dennis Patterson (Rutgers School of Law-Camdem), Mario Jori (University of Milan), Juan Pablo Alonso (University of Buenos Aires), Claudina Orunesu (University of Mar del Plata), Francisco Saffie (University of Edinburg), Noel Struchiner (PUC), Stanley Paulson (Washington University), Carlos Moya (University of Valencia), Silvia Zorzetto (University of Milan), Joseph Raz (University of Oxford), Humerto Ávila (Universidade do Rio Grande do Sul), Kevin Toh (University of San Francisco), Luigi Ferrajoli (Universidad de Roma III), Manuel Atienza (University of Alicante), William Twining (University College London), Antony Duff (University of Stirling y University of Minnesota), Mercedes Fernández López (Universidad de Alicante), Dori Kimel (University of Oxford), Federico Arena (Università "Luigi Bocconi"), Harry Frankfurt (Princeton University), Scott Brewer (Harvard Law School), and Ho Hock Lai (National University of Singapore), among others.
We also established a bilateral relationship with Oxford University, which resulted in annual meetings. So far, two meetings took place:
- 1srt Oxford-Girona Workshop in Legal Philosophy, with the participation of Professors John Gardner, Leslie Green, Luis Duarte d’Almeida, and Andrea Dolcetti as speakers (Girona, December 2009).
- 2nd Oxford-Girona Workshop in Legal Philosophy, with the participation of Professors John Finnis, Paul Brady, Nicola Muffato, and Timothy Endicott as speakers (Girona, January 2011).
- 3rd Oxford-Girona Workshop in Legal Philosophy, with the participation of Professors Nicola Muffato, Julie Dickson, Grant Lamond, and Diego M. Papayannis (Oxford, June 2012).
- 4th Oxford-Girona Workshop in Legal Philosophy, with the participation of Professors Maris Köpcke, Lorena Ramírez Ludeña y Nicos Stavropoulos (Girona, April 2013).
Moreover, in May 2010 we have organized the Conference “Neutrality and Theory of Law” that took place in Girona. During the 3 days of the Conference, the University of Girona became a gathering point for more than 300 professors, judges, and other specialists interested in legal philosophy. Among the assistants were people from Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Denmark, Dominican Republic, England, Finland, France, Germany, Holland, Mexico, Panama, Peru, Portugal, Romania, United States of America, Uruguay, Venezuela, among other countries. The presentations were in charge of Juan Carlos Bayón, Frederick Schauer, Eugenio Bulygin, Robert Alexy, Jules L. Coleman, Jorge L. Rodriguez, Riccardo Guastini, Brian Leiter, Bruno Celano, Scott Shapiro, Wilfrid Waluchow and Brian Bix. All the papers were published by Marcial Pons (2012), in Spanish, and Springer (2013) in English.
Also, in cooperation with the University Pompeu Fabra, we have organized the XIV Italian-Spanish Seminar on Legal Theory, celebrated in Girona in November of 2008, and the XVI Italian-Spanish Seminar on Legal Theory, celebrated in Barcelona in October of 2010. Finally, some members of our group participated in the first "Journées de Philosophie du Droit Latines", where they have addressed many of the fundamental questions of our research projects.
Finally, in June 2013, in coordination with the Consejo General del Poder Judicial, we organized the I Biennial Conference on Rule of Law and Democracy in Spanish-America. More than 300 specialists, scholars and members of the judicial branch, among them several Supreme Court judges from different countries of Spanish-America, took part in the event.
In relation to the specific activities, the Research Group of the University of Girona has organized a permanent monthly seminar on causation, to which all members of the research group, and some guest lecturers, have attended. Professor Josep Lluis Prades, a very well renowned expert in the field, has participated in the 25 sessions held during the 3-year project (SEJ2007-67491-C02-02/JURI). Additionally, we had the opportunity of benefiting ourselves from the presentations made by professors Susan Haack, who has addressed the main question regarding the proof of causation, Michael S. Moore, who recently published a critical book on causation and responsibility, and Jules L. Coleman, the most important specialist in the philosophy of tort law nowadays.
As a result of the work done in the seminar on causation, we have prepared a collective book entitled "Causalidad y atribución de responsabilidad" (Causation and adscription of responsibility), published by Marcial Pons, 2013. The book will also be published in English.
Regarding our current project on “Science and judicial process: proof and adscription of responsibility”, we organized the workshop "Standards of proof and scientific evidence", with the participation of some of the leading theorists on the subject. In this occasion, Professors Larry Laudan, Susan Haack, Michael Pardo, Ronald J. Allen, Andrés Páez, Michele Taruffo, Marina Gascón, and Paul Roberts presented their papers. The event took place at the University of Girona in May, 2011. A book with the papers presented was also published by Marcial Pons.
We have also organized the workshop “Uncertainty and Mass Torts: Causation and Proof”, with the participation of Professors Susan Haack, Michele Taruffo, Michael D. Green, Joseph Sanders, Andrea Giussani, Richard W. Wright, Carlos F. Rosenkrantz, Jane Stapleton, Tsachi Keren-Paz, Bernhard Koch, Miquel Martin Casals, Jean-Sébastien Borghetti, and S. I. Strong. The meeting took place at the University of Girona in March, 2012.
Finally, in December 2012, we organized the workshop “Tort Law, Morality and Social Justice”, with the participation of Professors Jules L. Coleman, John Gardner, Martín Hevia, Tsachi Keren-Paz, Diego M. Papayannis y Carlos F. Rosenkrantz. The meeting took place at the University of Girona, and was transmitted on real-time by streaming to more than 150 people from different countries in Latin-America and Europe.
Research Projects Funded by Competitive Public Calls
Title of the project: Pensamientos y hechos en perspectiva (PERSP). Consolider-Ingenio 2010 (CSD2009-00056).
Financier: EMCI - Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación.
Main researcher: Manuel García Carpintero.
Number of researchers: 87
Funding: € 2.000.000.
Title of the project: Grup de recerca consolidat de Filosofia del Dret (2009SGR-425)
Financier: Ministerio CAAU - Agència de Gestió d'Ajuts Universitaris i de Recerca- AGAUR
Main researcher: José Juan Moreso Mateos
Number of researchers: 28
Funding: € 64.000.
Title of the project: Ciencia y proceso judicial: prueba y atribución de responsabilidad (DER2010-21331-C02-02).
Financier: Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (España).
Main researcher: Jordi Ferrer Beltrán.
Number of researchers: 17
Funding: € 40.000.
Title of the project: Causalidad e imputación de responsabilidad (SEJ2007-67491-C02-02/JURI).
Financier: Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia (España).
Main researcher: Jordi Ferrer Beltrán.
Number of researchers: 11
Funding: € 45.000.
Title of the project: El proceso judicial como método de resolución de conflictos (SEJ2004-07136-C02-02)
Financier: Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnología
Length : 01/10/2004-30/09/ 2007
Main researcher: Jordi Ferrer Beltrán
Number of researchers: 07
Funding: € 31.800
Title of the project: Grup de recerca consolidat de Filosofia del Dret (2005SGR-00374)
Financier: Departament d'Universitats, Recerca i Societat de la Informació (DURSI)
Main researcher: Josep Joan Moreso Mateos
Number of researchers: 21
Funding: € 38.600,00